Bradleys Head and its Naval Connections

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Bradleys Point is the largest intact area of remnant vegetation remaining in the Inner Sydney Harbour area. This is, in no small measure, due to the fact that the point has, since European settlement, until it became a park been in the hands of the military (navy), thus precluding commercial development. At the very end of the 19th century attempts to develop part of the headland as a mining camp came to nought when a public outcry lead to the cancellation of a mining lease which would have permitted the extraction of a coal seam under the harbour in this area. Continue reading “Bradleys Head and its Naval Connections”

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The Oldest Colonial Graffiti in Australia

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While a little hard to decipher, especially from my photos, three sets of initials (WB, FM and IR) and the year 1788 engraved on sandstone rocks on the hilly and wooded northern part of Garden Island are thought to be genuine, dating back to 1788. This makes them the earliest known examples of graffiti in Colonial Australia and the oldest surviving evidence of British settlement on the continent. Continue reading “The Oldest Colonial Graffiti in Australia”

Australia Proclaimed For Britain

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On 26 January 1788 the First Fleet, a flotilla of eleven ships from Britain, anchored in Sydney Cove – named after Lord Sydney the British Home Secretary (now called Circular Quay). Captain Arthur Phillip, in charge, stepped ashore and, in a simple ceremony, hoisted the Union Flag (Jack), saluted it, and proclaimed the settlement of the colony of New South Wales for His Majesty King George III. The remainder of the continent was subsequently settled and claimed for Britain and today the 26th January, Australia Day, is a public holiday across Australia, marking the birthday of modern Australia. Continue reading “Australia Proclaimed For Britain”