6The subject of this statue requires no introduction. It is Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901, Empress of India from 1876 and Queen of her dominions, including the Australian colonies, from various dates to 1901.

This statue of Queen Victoria, which takes pride of place in the centre of Victoria Square, named after her while she was still Princess Victoria, was chosen by South Australian brewer, parliamentarian and philanthropist Sir Edwin Thomas Smith while on a visit to England in 1893. This statue, by English sculptor Charles Bell Birch, is a replica of one that stood in the entrance hall of the Imperial Institute in London at the time. 7Both were based on the design of one Birch had earlier produced for the Maharajah of ‘Oodeypore’ [Udaipur] in 1889. While the Adelaide one was cast in London it incorporates copper from Wallaroo Mine in South Australia.

The statue was unveiled at 4pm on Saturday, 11 August 1894, a time carefully chosen by Smith to permit attendance by the largest crowd possible yet not clash with the football or racing of which he was also very fond.

The statue is very simply inscribed ‘Victoria R.I.’

Readers familiar with the current British Queen’s ‘signature’, Elizabeth R, may wonder why Victoria had an additional I appended. R.I stands for Regina Imperatrix meaning Queen Empress. The latter signified Victoria’s role as Empress of India, a title which the current Queen, Queen Elizabeth does not have. Victoria’s official title from 1 May 1876 to her death on 22 January 1901 was ‘Her Imperial Majesty, The Queen-Empress Victoria’.

8On Victoria’s death the statue was draped in black as a sign of mourning. My final picture attached, courtesy of the State Library of South Australia, depicts the statue in this mourning drapery on the day of the Queen’s funeral.

While I indicated earlier that the statue was in the centre of the square it is actually slightly off centre, to the south, though the average observer would not notice. It was moved from its former exact central position in 2013-14 to make way for the road which now crosses the square, built as part of a major redevelopment of the square at that time. The re-positioning of Queen Victoria caused much amusing Council debate. When two councillors proposed that the statue be relocated to the northern end of the square, facing up King William Street towards the Town Hall (on the face of it a very plausible suggestion), the mayor protested and said it would be “farcical beyond belief” and “completely undignified” if people in the square only ever saw Queen Victoria’s “derriere”.

As it is now, your positioning in the northern or southern part of the square will determine whether or not you sight Her Majesty’s ‘derriere’.

Address: Victoria Square
Directions: In the centre of the Square

For my next Adelaide – CITY WEST review click HERE.
For other Adelaide reviews click HERE.


7 thoughts on “Victoria R.I. – In Adelaide

      1. I hadn’t – must be before I followed you. I also tracked back to the one about the dog which sounds virtuous in purpose but maybe slightly tacky in execution! It reminds me of Edinburgh which apparently has more statues to dogs than women (you can tell I have a bit of a bee in my bonnet about this topic). I’m also amazed that anywhere in Australia wanted a statue of Victoria as late as the 1980s. Here’s our Victoria:


        Liked by 1 person

          1. We have quite a few figures of mythical or idealised women (Hope, Justice, you know the sort of thing) with which I’d class Bellona. So our three, soon to be four, real, named women is actually looking quite good in comparison!

            Liked by 1 person

          2. Yes I agree. It probably is worth adding that very few statues are erected today (male or female) and in the time when they were popular additions to our streets the typical subjects eg royalty , poets, composers were generally male. Public statues of people sort of started going out of vogue as women were coming to the fore .. ….


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s