As you may have read in my general review on Sighisoara Citadel, the Citadel dates back to the 12th century when Transylvanian Saxons, were ordered here by the King of Hungary to settle and defend the Carpathian frontier against the steppe peoples. For this and also to keep later would be intruders at bay the fortified settlement of walls and towers was constructed and enhanced over time. In all 14 towers were built. These towers were built by various craft guilds – from which they derived their names.
To-day nine towers remain.
See my individual reviews on:
This review covers seven other remaining towers.
Blacksmiths’ Tower (Turnul Fierarilor) (picture 1 above – to the left and to the rear of the Church of the Dominican Monastery)
The north-eastern part of the citadel is dominated by this tower with a rectangular plan, annexed to the old wall of the citadel in 1631 to protect the Church of the Monastery. Five shooting holes on the Lower Town facing side could be used for pouring boiled pitch on any would be assailants. A charming welcome for would be parishioners! This tower replaced the earlier Barbers Tower.
Furriers’ Tower (Turnul Cojocarilor) (picture 2)
This Tower was built in the 15th century and is a rather basic tower close to Turnul Macelarilor (the Butcher’s Tower).
Butchers’ Tower (Turnul Macelarilor) (picture 3)
Erected in the 15th century, originally in the form of a prism with 8 sides. Later it was increased in height to 2 levels. The existing tower has 3 levels and 5 fire holes.
Cobblers’ Tower (Turnul Cizmarilor) (pictured above -4)
The Cobblers’ Tower, located in the northeastern part of the town, was originally built in the mid 16th century but totally rebuilt in 1650. The tower bears the influence of baroque architecture and features a hexagonal base with sides of different lengths. Its roof, resembling a pointy helmet, houses a small observation tower.
Tailors’ Tower (Turnul Croitorilor) (picture 5)
This imposing tower built in the 14th century by the richest guild in town. Initially as tall as the Clock Tower, its upper part was destroyed in the 1676 fire, when the town’s gunpowder deposits, located here, exploded. Not only did the explosion remove half of the tower, the resultant fire devastated most of the Lower town and significantly damaged much of the Citadel. The Tailors’ Tower, with its two gateways (which used to have oak gates with an iron lattice) is now the primary access point for vehicular traffic wishing to enter the citadel.
Tanners’ Tower (Turnul Tabacarilor) (picture 6)
Located on the south-eastern side of the Citadel’s wall, this tower is one of the oldest in the citadel and dates back to the 12th-14th centuries. It is a simple square shape with sloping roof – poorly pictured just below the Tinsmiths’ Tower in my attached photo. It is thought not to have been affected by the 1676 fire.
Tinsmiths’ Tower (Turnul Cositorilor) (picture 7)
A rather odd misshaped tower about which not a lot is known.
The tower, 25m (82 ft) high, starts from a square base, after which the structure takes a pentagonal shape and in the upper part becomes larger and octagonal and is topped off by a hexagonal rooftop. Evidence exists in the form of bullet and cannon balls marks that the tower was attacked at some stage – most likely the 1704 Kurut attacks.
Address: Citadel – top of the hill